Oxygen tensions play an important role in the outcome of infections. Oxygen is cidal or static for microorganisms that lack defenses against oxidants. Hyperoxia and hyperbaric oxygen exert antimicrobial effects by increasing the intracellular flux of reactive oxygen species.
In bacteria, such species cause DNA strand breaks, degradation of RNA, inhibition of amino acid biosynthesis, and inactivation of membrane transport proteins. Oxygen tensions also affect the activity of antimicrobial agents. In general, hyperoxia potentiates while anaerobiosis decreases the activity of many antimicrobial drugs.
With regard to host defenses, hyperoxia elevates oxygen tensions in infected tissues to levels that facilitate oxygen-dependent killing by leukocytes. Prolonged hyperoxia inhibits DNA synthesis in lymphocytes and impairs chemotactic activity, adherence, phagocytic capacity, and generation of the oxidative burst in polymorphonuclear leukocytes and macrophages.
Source: Matthew K. Park, Roy A. M. Myers, Louis Marzella, Oxygen Tensions and Infections: Modulation of Microbial Growth, Activity of Antimicrobial Agents, and Immunologic Responses, Clinical Infectious Diseases, Volume 14, Issue 3, March 1992, Pages 720–740, https://doi.org/10.1093/clinids/14.3.720
See the section below for detailed information in research and studies related to your specialty.
RESEARCH AND STUDIES
Physiologic and biochemical rationale for treating COVID-19 patients with hyperbaric oxygen https://www.uhms.org/images/MiscDocs/Physiologic_and_biochemical_rationale_for_treating_UHM_48-1.pdf
The Effects of Hyperbaric Oxygen on Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Pilot Study https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32947434/
HBO Therapy in Hematology and Immunology https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47140-2_26
Oxygen Tensions and Infections: Modulation of Microbial Growth, Activity of Antimicrobial Agents, and Immunologic Responses https://academic.oup.com/cid/article-abstract/14/3/720/282105
Hyperbaric oxygenation in the comprehensive therapy of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (clinico-immunologic study) https://europepmc.org/article/med/1838726
Hyperbaric oxygen in systemic inflammatory response https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15034647/
Effect of hyperbaric oxygen treatment on immunological parameters in multiple sclerosis https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1600-0404.1989.tb03790.x
Modification of in Vivo and in Vitro TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 Secretion by Circulating Monocytes During Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment in Patients with Perianal Crohn’s Disease https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1027378532003
Hyperbaric oxygen inhibits stimulus‐induced proinflammatory cytokine synthesis by human blood‐derived monocyte‐macrophages https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1046/j.1365-2249.2003.02248.x
Immune function in hyperbaric environments, diving, and decompression. https://europepmc.org/article/med/10353182
Immunosuppression by hyperbaric oxygen https://www.surgjournal.com/article/0039-6060(80)90060-4/fulltext
Evolving career of hyperbaric oxygen in sepsis: From augmentation of oxygen delivery to the modulation of the immune response https://journals.lww.com/ccmjournal/Citation/2006/10000/Evolving_career_of_hyperbaric_oxygen_in_sepsis_.37.aspx
Hyperbaric oxygen treatment attenuates the pro-inflammatory and immune responses in apolipoprotein E knockout mice https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2562533/
The effect of hyperbaric oxygen on cellular immunity and the study of its mechanism https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0928468094900213
Suppressive effect of hyperbaric oxygenation on immune responses of normal and autoimmune mice. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1554111/
Application of hyperbaric oxygen in liver transplantation https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5223312/
Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Hyperbaric Oxygenation during DSS-Induced Colitis in BALB/c Mice Include Changes in Gene Expression of HIF-1α, Proinflammatory Cytokines, and Antioxidative Enzymes https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5021505/
Suppression of humoral antibody synthesis on exposure to hyperbaric oxygenation https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/571294/
Impact of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on the clinical course of acute pancreatitis and systemic inflammation response syndrome https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18819393/